Different Types Of Brain Injuries (And How That Affects Your Case)

Brain trauma comes with unique injuries that vary greatly in severity. Based on the injury and how it will impact the person for the rest of their life, a TBI attorney will negotiate a settlement. The first thing your brain injury attorney will want to know is the diagnosis. Learn more about different types of brain injuries and how your diagnosis can impact your personal injury case.


A concussion is the most common type of brain injury. It's characterized by a change in the brain after the brain hits the inside of the skull. The most common symptoms of concussion include headaches and dizziness. While generally mild, concussions can lead to chronic headaches or dizziness for years.


A hematoma happens when a blood vessel in the brain bursts. In most cases, a blood vessel bursts after trauma, such as a car accident. Blood remains in the brain, putting pressure on the brain. With proper care, a hematoma may dissolve on its own.


An edema refers to swelling of the brain after a traumatic injury or a shrinking skull due to age. An edema will put pressure on the skull. If too much pressure applies to the skull, it will stop functioning. A doctor may need to relieve pressure in severe cases. The patient may experience permanent brain damage if the doctor can't relieve the pressure in time.

Diffuse Axonal Injury 

A diffuse axonal injury occurs when brain cells die. It can occur due to drug use or other unhealthy habits. It can also occur in a large portion of the brain after a serious injury. You cannot restore brain cells damaged by a diffuse axonal injury. However, you can work to create new connections in the brain using puzzles and brain teasers. Some patients who ended up in a coma or damaged a large portion of their brain may have permanent memory and physical problems.

Skull Fracture

The skull is extremely strong. However, it can't withstand everything. In serious accidents, a patient may experience a skull fracture. Skull fractures are the most serious brain injury. Doctors may be able to save the patient, but not everyone survives. People who do survive will have a long recovery process both physically and cognitively.

The first thing you need to do is bring your medical paperwork to a TBI attorney. You should also follow up with doctors and work hard toward rehabilitation. Your lawyer will take it from there.